FranklinParkerWebsite: http://bfparker.word…Franklin Parker, 1921-, and Betty June Parker, 1929, met at Berea College near Lexington, KY, Sept. 1946, were married June 12, 1950. Frank attended the University of Illinois Graduate School, Urbana, 1949-50, for the M.S. degree. We both first taught at Ferrum College near Roanoke, VA , 1950-52.
We did additional graduate study at both George Peabody College for Teachers and at adjoining Vanderbilt University campus in Nashville, TN, summers 1951, 1952. Part time jobs and study in Nashville during 1952-56, four years, enabled us to graduate in Aug. 1956: Betty, M.A. degree in English; Frank, doctoral degree, Social Foundations of Education.
Frank’s dissertation topic, which took us to London, England, for three months, Sept. to Dec. 1954, and influenced our lives, came from Peabody College Graduate Dean Felix C. Robb (1914-97). Dean Robb told Frank that during his own doctoral study at Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard’s History Prof. Arthur Schlesinger Sr. (1888-1965), knowing Robb was a Peabody College administrator, told him: Robb, your college founder, George Peabody, was the largely forgotten founder of modern educational philanthropy. His Peabody Education Fund, just after the Civil War, set the pattern for all later large educational funds and foundations. A well done doctoral dissertation based on his original papers and related papers needs to be written.
Perhaps regretting that he had written on another topic (school administration), Robb urged us to look into George Peabody’s influence. We did, were inspired by what we found, spent many months reading George Peabody documents in libraries in Nashville, Washington, DC, Baltimore, New York City, Boston and Salem, Mass.; plus three months in London, England, libraries.
Because the George Peabody research took us to London, changed our lives, led us to 27 trips abroad, we must tell why he was important, why research on him was so beneficial for us.
Born poor 19 miles north of Boston and little schooled, George Peabody at age 17 migrated South, succeeded as a dry-goods importing merchant at Peabody, Riggs & Co., 1814-40s, based in Baltimore, Md., with New York and Philadelphia warehouses.
On Peabody’s fifth European buying trip, 1837, all via London, Maryland officials commissioned him to sell abroad that state’s $8 million bonds to finance its Baltimore and Ohio canal and later the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. The U.S. was then a borrowing nation needing foreign capital for internal improvements. In the financial panic of 1837, against all odds, Peabody sold Maryland’s bonds abroad, found himself in transition from merchant to U.S. state bond broker-banker. He remained in London the rest of his life: 1837-69.
His George Peabody & Co., banking firm, London, 1838-64, 26 years, specialized in selling U.S. state bonds to finance canals, railroads, telegraph, the Atlantic Cable, etc., thus helping modernize and industrialize the U.S. Note that J.P. Morgan’s (1837-1913) father (J.S. Morgan, 1813-90) was George Peabody’s partner, making George Peabody a root of the JP Morgan banking empire.
Peabody supported his widowed mother, was the family breadwinner, paid for the education of his siblings, and later his nieces and nephews. Unmarried, he used half his fortune, large for that time, to found educational institutions while he lived and left half to relatives at his death.
His philanthropic motive is best expressed by his motto in his 1852 letter founding his first hometown library: "Education: a debt due from present to future generations."
Peabody founded seven U.S. Peabody libraries, with lecture halls and lecture funds, the adult education centers of the time; well before Andrew Carnegie’s later more numerous Carnegie libraries. The Peabody Institute of Baltimore comprised a reference library, art gallery, lecture hall and fund, and the Peabody Conservatory of Music–all now part of Johns Hopkins University,
His example influenced Baltimoreans Enoch Pratt (1808-96) to found the Enoch Pratt Free Public Library and Johns Hopkins (1795-1873) to found Johns Hopkins University and Medical School.
Three Peabody museums advanced anthropology at Harvard, paleontology at Yale, and maritime history and Essex County history, including George Peabody’s letters and papers, at Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA. He endowed professorships at Phillips Academy, Andover, MA, and Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA. He gave publication funds to both the Maryland and Massachusetts Historical Societies; aided Civil War widows and orphans (through the U.S. Sanitary Commission); and supported a Vatican charitable hospital (in Rome, Italy).
His multi-million dollar 1862 Peabody Homes for London’s working poor amazed the British, inspired imitators in the U.S. and elsewhere, brought him many honors. The Peabody Homes today, housing over 50,000 low income Londoners, offer highly praised job counseling and other social services, making George Peabody better known in England than he is in the U.S.
His previously mentioned Peabody Education Fund (1867-1914, 47 years) advanced public elementary and secondary schools, plus teacher education in 12 depressed southern states. Pres. Andrew Johnson (1708-75) and the U.S. Congress acknowledged the Peabody Education Fund as a national gift. Harvard historian Schlesinger was right: all later larger major U.S. funds and foundations are based on the Peabody Education Fund model. That Fund’s legatee in Nashville, George Peabody College for Teachers (1914-79, 65 years), shared courses and credits with adjoining Vanderbilt University. They merged in 1979 as Peabody College of Vanderbilt University.
In London we read George Peabody-related papers at his banking firm, in the British Library, University of London Library, and at Windsor Castle. Queen Victoria wanted to knight him. He graciously declined. He died in London, Nov. 4, 1869, evoking public and news media praise for his philanthropy on both sides of the Atlantic. His remains lay in state for 30 days at Westminster Abbey. His will requiring burial near his birthplace prompted Queen Victoria to order his remains returned to the U.S. on Britain’s newest war ship. President U.S. Grant (1822-85) ordered a U.S. war ship as escort vessel. His trans-Atlantic funeral made international news.
Memory of George Peabody inevitably faded in time, overshadowed by vastly wealthier industrialists (Carnegie, Rockefeller, Ford, others) and their much larger funds and foundations.
We returned to Nashville in December 1954 and found new part-time jobs. On February 18, 1955, George Peabody’s 160th birthday, Frank was invited to give the Peabody College Founders Day Address, published as George Peabody (1795-1869), Founder of Modern Philanthropy (Nashville: George Peabody College for Teachers, 1955).
Frank wrote and Betty edited the George Peabody dissertation, which was defended, accepted, and later published by Vanderbilt University Press as George Peabody, a Biography, 1971. In 1995 on the 200th anniversary of George Peabody’s birth, Frank’s updated version was republished with 12 illustration.
The George Peabody research experience bonded us wonderfully. The London research and brief trips to Scotland, Paris, Lucerne, and Rome helped us see ourselves, the U.S., and the world differently. The British people and Europeans in 1954, still scarred by WWII bombings and privation but on the mend, seemed to us more mature, substantive, more serious than hustling, bustling, competitive, keep-up-with-the-Joneses Americans.
Compared to the U.S., we thought British and European family life, schools at all levels, and media were more substantive, more culturally informed, better character building. We felt that our advertising-dominated American culture, in over-promising everything, cheapened our values, often misled us with inconsequential fads and fancies.
Berea College, Peabody College, and our research experiences, especially in London, besides bonding us, led Frank to emphasize more and more international education during his 40 years of teaching at the universities of Texas (Austin), Oklahoma (Norman), W. Va. (Morgantown), Northern Arizona (Flagstaff), Western Carolina (Cullowhee, NC).
We felt that teachers with intercultural-international understanding could help new student generations build a more peaceful world. As longtime editor of the Comparative and International Education Society Newsletter Frank learned of and publicized low-cost travel and international study opportunities for students and teachers.
A competitive Kappa Delta Pi (education honor society) Fellowship in International Education took us to Africa for eight months during 1957-58. The British south central African colonies of Northern Rhodesia (later Zambia), Southern Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe), and Nyasaland (later Malawi) had formed a multiracial federation.
Our research plan was to record how this multiracial experiment was working out educationally for the white, black, Asian, mixed-blooded racial groups, especially the segregated African majority. Carnegie Corporation officials, long involved in African education, helped us become attached as unpaid researchers to the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland in Salisbury, now the University of Zimbabwe in Harare. We visited mission schools, government schools, and studied documents in the Government Archives.
We explained our research purpose and limited funds in a letter to the editor of the Salisbury (now Harare) newspaper. In response, five white families going on long vacations asked us at low rent to be live-in caretakers of their homes. We thus compared ruling white minority luxury living with majority African subsistence living.
Frank’s small book about our 1957-58 experience, African Development and Education in Southern Rhodesia, Ohio State University Press, 1960, led to Frank’s being asked to contribute articles about Africa to encyclopedia yearbooks: Americana, World Book, Collier’s, others, for over a decade.
In 1961-62 as a Fulbright Research Scholar we were attached to the Rhodes Livingstone Institute, Lusaka, Northern Rhodesia (now part of the University of Zambia). We wrote many articles about Northern Rhodesia government and mission schools.
Frank’s three pamphlets (with Betty’s collaboration) in Phi Delta Kappa’s (international education honor society publication series. were:
1–The Battle of the Books: Kanawha County, 1975, based on a much publicized school textbook censorship case in Charlestown, W. Va.
2–What Can We Learn from the Schools of China? 1976, was based on Frank’s China school visits in March 1974. We both later visited China’s schools in July 1978 and again during Dec., 1986-Jan., 1987).
3–British Schools and Ours, 1979, based on school visits in and around London plus short courses we took at Cambridge University and the University of London.
We end with appreciation for our 27 trips abroad listed below, 1954 to 1987, 33 years, and 40 rich rewarding teaching years. We are grateful for 18 retirement years with interesting Uplands Retirement Village friends who share our hope for peace and justice for all people everywhere. END.
OUR INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL:
1-1954: Sept.-Dec.): England and Scotland manuscript research for dissertation and book, George Peabody: A Biography. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1971, revised 1995 with 12 illustrations.
2-1957-58: International Fellow at University College, Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Central Africa; visited Zambia, Malawi, Republic of South Africa.
3-1961-62: Senior Fulbright Research Scholar at Rhodes-Livingstone Institute of University of Zambia; visited Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Republic of South Africa, and England.
4-Aug. 1966: Studied adult education in Finland & West Germany; visited Belgium, The Netherlands, & England.
5-Aug. 1967: Studied adult education in Belgium and West Germany; visited Luxembourg and England.
6-May-June 1969: Lectured at Twente Technological Institute, The Netherlands; attended International Comparative Education Society meeting in Prague, Czechoslovakia; visited Belgium and England.
7-July-Aug. 1969: Taught at University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
8-July-Aug. 1970: Taught at University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
9-July 1971: Taught at University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
10-Nov. 1971: Participants in Phi Delta Kappa Eastern European Comparative Education Seminar held in Hungary, Romania, USSR, and Poland.
11-March 1972: Gave conference keynote address on “Educational Strategies for Accelerating Development in Southern Africa,” at University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa; visited Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Lesotho, and Swaziland.
12-July 1972: Taught at University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
13-Nov. 1972: Co-directed with Dr. Gerald H. Read: Phi Delta Kappa Seminar in East Africa: Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania.
14-July 1973: Taught at University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
15-Dec. 1973: Research on comparative education at the University of London, England.
16-March 1974: Participant in Phi Delta Kappa’s first seminar in People’s Republic of China.
17-July-Aug. 1974: Taught at the University of Newfoundland, Canada.
18-Dec. 1974: Research on comparative education in the University of London, England, libraries.
19-July 1975: Participant, “British Schools and Society” course, Caius College, Cambridge University, England.
20-July 1976: Participants, “Education in England” course, Institute of Education, University of London, England,
21-May-June 1977: Lectured at the University of Madrid Institute of Education and the University of Oviedo Institute of Education, Spain. Studied schools in Surrey County, England.
22-July 1978: Participants in Adult Education Seminar in the People’s Republic of China.
23-Aug. 1978: Lectured at the United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.
24-July 6-Aug. 8, 1980: Participants, Fourth Middle East Studies Seminar, sponsored by Israeli Teachers Association, American Federation of Teachers, and National Committee for Middle East Studies, Israel; also visited England.
25-March 3-10, 1984: London, England.
26-March 4-11, 1985: London, England.
27-Dec. 19, 1986-Jan. 4,1987: Participants in Phi Delta Kappa Education Seminar in Peking, Shanghai, Guilin, Canton; Hong Kong; Tokyo, Japan. END.
Franklin Parker, 1921-, & Betty J. Parker, 1929-, WRITINGS ON GEORGE PEABODY (1795-1869): Merchant, Banker, Educational Philanthropist. July 14, 2010.
Parker, Franklin. “George Peabody, Founder of Modern Philanthropy,” Ed. D. Dissertation, George Peabody College for Teachers [of Vanderbilt University Library after July 1, 1979], Nashville, TN 37203-5721 , 1956, 3 volumes, 1219 pp.
George Peabody, A Biography. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1971, 233 pp. Reprinted in CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education, IX, 3 (November, 1985), Fiche 7 D10, entire issue.
George Peabody, A Biography. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, February 1995 revised edition with 12 illustrations added, 278 pp.
Journal, Printed, Entire Issue
“Legacy of George Peabody: Special Bicentenary Issue” [reprint of 21 articles], Peabody Journal of Education, LXX, No. l (Fall 1994), 210 pp.
Journal, Fiche, Entire Issue
(With Betty J. Parker). “George Peabody (1795-1869) A-Z: People, Places, Events, and Institutions Connected with the Massachusetts-born Merchant, London Banker, and Educational Philanthropist.” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XXIV, No. 3 (Oct. 1999), Fiche.
Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Carroll Van West, et al., Eds. Nashville: University of Tennessee Press, 1998:
1-”George Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, pp, 359-360. URL:
2-”Peabody Education Fund in Tennessee,” pp. 725-726. URL:
“George Peabody (1795-1869).” Encyclopedia of Philanthropists in the United States. Westport, Conn.; Greenwood Press and Onyx Press, 2002.
(With Betty J. Parker). “George Peabody (1795-1869),” Philanthropy in America: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia, ed. by Dwight Burlingame. ABC Clio, 2004, 370-371.
Chapters in Book
“George Peabody (1795-1869), Founder of Modern Educational Philanthropy: His Contributions to Higher Education,” Academic Profiles in Higher Education. Edited by James J. Van Patten. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992, pp. 71-99.
George Peabody (1795-1869), Merchant, Banker, Creator of the Peabody Education Fund, and a Founder of Modern Philanthropy,” Notable American Philanthropists, Robert Thornton Grimm, Jr., ed. Westport, Conn.; Greenwood Press and Onyx Press, 2002, pp. 242-246.
(With Betty J. Parker). “George Peabody (1795-1869),” Philanthropy in America: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia, ed. By Dwight Burlingame (ABC Clio, 2004), pp. 370-371. URL:
Articles in Journals
[Note 1: Items 18,19, and others in Fiche form in CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education) are published by Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Ltd, P. O. Box 25, Abingdon, Oxfordshire 0X14 30E, United Kingdom].
[Note 2: See End of Manuscript for URL access to Parkers’ George Peabody (1795-1869) U. S. Government ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) entries].
1. “Nashville’s Yankee Friend,” Nashville Tennessean Magazine (May 15, 1955), pp. 2, 6-7.
2. “Founder Paid Debt to Education,” Peabody Post, VIII, No. 8 (February 10, 1955), p. 1.
3. “The Girl George Peabody Almost Married,” Peabody Reflector, XXVII, No. 8 (October, 1955), pp. 215, 224-225.
4. “George Peabody and the Spirit of America,” Peabody Reflector, XXIX, No. 2 (February, 1956), pp. 26-27.
5. “On the Trail of George Peabody,” Berea Alumnus, XXVI, No. 8 (May, 1956), p. 4.
6. (With Walter Merrill), “William Lloyd Garrison and George Peabody,” Essex Institute Historical Collections, XCV, No. 1 (January, 1959), pp. 1-20.
7. “George Peabody and Maryland,” Peabody of Journal of Education, XXXVII, No. 3 (November, 1959), pp. 150-157.
8. “Robert E. Lee, George Peabody, and Sectional Reunion,” Peabody Journal of Education, XXXVII, No. 4 (January, 1960), pp. 195-202.
9. “Influences on the Founder of the Johns Hopkins University and the Johns Hopkins Medical School,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, XXXIV, No. 2 (March-April, 1960), pp. 148-153.
10. “George Peabody and the Search for Sir John Franklin, 1852-1854,” American Neptune, XX, No. 2 (April, 1960), pp. 104-111.
11. “An Approach to Peabody’s Gifts and Legacies,” Essex Institute Historical Collections, XCVI, No. 4 (October, 1960), pp. 291-296.
12. “George Peabody’s Influence on Southern Educational Philanthropy,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly, XX, No. 2 (March, 1961), pp. 146, 151-152.
13. “Maryland’s Yankee Friend–George Peabody, Esq.,” Maryland Teacher, XX, No. 5 (January, 1963), pp. 6-7, 24; reprinted in Peabody Notes (Spring, 1963), pp. 4-7, 10.
14. “The Girl George Peabody Almost Married, Peabody Notes, XVII, No. 3 (Spring, 1954), pp. 10-14.
15. “George Peabody, 1795-1869, Founder of Modern Philanthropy,” Peabody Reflector, XXXVIII, No. 1 (January-February, 1965), pp. 9-16.
16. “The Funeral of George Peabody,” Essex Institute Historical Collection, XCIX, No. 2 (April, 1963), pp. 67-87; reprinted: Peabody Journal of Education, XLIV, No. 1 (July, 1966), pp. 21-36.
17. “George Peabody and the Peabody Museum of Salem,” Curator, X, No. 2 (June, 1967), pp. 137-153.
18. To Live Fulfilled: George Peabody, 1795-1869, Founder of George Peabody College for Teachers,” Peabody Reflector, XLIII, No. 2 (Spring, 1970), pp. 50-53.
19. “On the Trail of George Peabody,” Peabody Reflector, XLIV, No. 4 (Fall, 1971), pp. 100-103.
20. “The Creation of the Peabody Education Fund,” School & Society, XCIX, No. 2337 (December, 1971), pp. 497-500.
21. “George Peabody, 1795-1869: His Influence on Educational Philanthropy,” Peabody Journal of Education, XLIX, No. 2 (January, 1972), pp. 138-145.
22. “Pantheon of Philanthropy: George Peabody,” National Society of Fund Raisers Journal, I, No. 1 (December, 1976), pp. 16-20.
23. “In Praise of George Peabody, 1795-1869,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XV, No. 2 (June 1991), Fiche 5 AO2.
24. “George Peabody (1795-1869), Founder of Modern Educational Philanthropy: His Contributions to Higher Education,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XVI, No. 1 (March 1992), Fiche 11 D06.
25. “Education Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869), Founder of George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, and the Peabody Library and Conservatory of Music, Baltimore (Brief History).” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XVIII, No. 1 (March 1994), Fiche. Abstract in Resources in Education.
26. (With Betty J. Parker), “George Peabody’s (1795-1869) Educational Legacy,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XVIII, No. 1 (March 1994), Fiche 1 C05. Abstract in Resources in Education, XXIX, No. 9 (September 1994), p. 147 (ERIC ED 369 720).
27. “Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869): Photos and Related Illustrations in Printed Sources and Depositories,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XVIII, No. 2 (June 1994), Fiche 1 D1Z; abstract in Resources in Education, XXX, No. 6 (June 1995), p. 149 (ERIC ED 397 179).
28. “The Legacy of George Peabody: Special Bicentenary Issue” [reprints 22 article on George Peabody], Peabody Journal of Education, LXX, No. 1 (Fall 1994), 210 pp.
29. “Educational Philanthropist George Peabody and Peabody College of Vanderbilt University: Dialogue with Bibliography,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XVIII, No. 3 (December 1994), Fiche 2 E06.
30. (With Betty Parker). “A Forgotten Hero’s Birthday [George Peabody]: Lion and the Lamb,” Crossville (Tenn.) Chronicle, February 22, 1995, p. 4A.
31. (With Betty Parker). “America’s Forgotten Educational Philanthropist: A Bicentennial View,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XIX, No. 1 (March 1995), Fiche 7 A11. Abstract in Resources in Education, XXXI, No. 12 (Dec. 1996), p. 161 (ERIC ED398 126).
32. (With Betty Parker). “Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869) and the Peabody Institute Library, Danvers, Massachusetts: Dialogue and Chronology,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XIX, No. 1 (March 1995), Fiche 7 B01.
33. (With Betty Parker). “George Peabody (1795-1869); Merchant, Banker, Philanthropist,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XX, No. 1 (March 1996), Fiche 9 B01. Abstract in Resources in Education, XXXI, No. 3 (Mar. 1996), p. 169 (ERIC ED 388 571).
34. (With Betty Parker). “On the Trail of Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869): A Dialogue.” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XX, No. 3 (October 1996), Fiche 13 B07.
35. (With Betty Parker).”Peabody Education Fund in Tennessee (1867-1914),” Tennessee Encyclopedia of History & Culture (Nashville: Tennessee Historical Society, 1998), pp. 725-726.
(With Betty Parker).”George Peabody College of Vanderbilt University,Ó Tennessee
Encyclopedia of History & Culture (Nashville: Tennessee Historical Society, 1998), pp. 359-360.
37. (With Betty J. Parker). “Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869) and First U.S. Paleontology Prof. Othniel Charles Marsh (1831-1899) at Yale University.” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XXII, No. 1 (March 1998), Fiche 7 A04. Also abstract in Resources in Education, XXXIV, No. 1 (Jan. 1999), p. ? (ERIC ED 422 243).
38. (With Betty J. Parker). “Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869) and U. S.-British Relations, 1850s-1860s.” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), XXIII, No. 1 (March 1999), Fiche 1 A05. Also abstract in Resources in Education, XXXV, No. 5 (May 2000), p. 122 (ERIC ED 436 444).
39. (With Betty J. Parker). “George Peabody A-Z,” CORE (Collected Original Resources in Education), Vol. 24, No. 3 (Oct. 1999), Fiche 11 C10.
40. (With Betty J. Parker). “General Robert E. Lee (1807-70) and Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869) at White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, July 23-Aug. 30, 1869.” Abstract in Resources in Education, XXXVI, No. 2 (Feb. 2001), p. 184 (ERIC ED 444 917).
41. (With Betty J. Parker). “The Forgotten George Peabody (1795-1869), A Handbook A-Z of the Massachusetts-Born Merchant, London-Based Banker, & Philanthropist: His Life, Influence, and Related People, Places, Events, & Institutions,” 1243 pp. Abstract in Resources in Education, Vol. XXXVI, No. 3 (March 2001), pp. 122 (ERIC ED 445 998).
42. (With Betty J. Parker). “Peabody College of Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee: Past and Future; From Frontier Academy (1785) to Frontiers of Teaching and Learning,” Review Journal of History and Philosophy of Education (published in India by Anu Books), Vol. XXVIII (February 2003), pp. 109-144.
43. “Robert E. Lee, George Peabody, and Sectional Reunion,” Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 78, No. 1 (Fall 2003), pp. 91-97 [reprinted from Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Jan. 1960), pp. 195-202, and Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 70, No. 1 (Fall 1994), pp. 69-76].
44. “George Peabody, 1795-1869: His Influence on Educational Philanthropy,” Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 78, No. 2 (Summer 2003), pp. 111-118 [reprinted from Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 49. No. 2 (Jan. 1972), pp. 138-124; Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 70, No 1 (Fall 1994), pp. 157-165; and Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2 (March 1961), pp. 65-74].
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
Thirty six (36) of the Parkers’ articles on George Peabody in the U.S. Government’s ERIC system can be accessed and read in abstract and in full at the following URL source:
Below is our 2015 Christmas NewsLetter:
Franklin & Betty Parker, 205/6 Fletcher House, Uplands Village, PO Box 406, Pleasant Hill, TN 38578. email@example.com Married June 12, 1950 (65 years). At Uplands 21 years.
*JAN. 29, 2015: New Uplands van was dedicated, with Frank’s picture, head and shoulders in swimming pool, on outside Van window.
*FEB. 22 through early March: Local historic ice Storm made national news, electricity off, many trees down; many cleanup volunteers from several states came to help. Fletcher House (where we live) bedded and fed over 25 neighboring elders from heatless & fallen-tree ruined homes. Looking back it was a heart-warming help-your-neighbor community experience.
*MAY 16: Uplands band played at Pleasant Hill Spring Festival, with Frank as drummer.
*JUNE 15: Our Book Review given in Fletcher’s Adshead auditorium, titled: “Minorities’ Protests in the 1960s, the 20th Century Most Tumultuous Decade,” was about civil rights protests, sit-ins at segregated lunch rooms, freedom riders, protest marches, race riots, Latino protests, women’s lib--all resisted by segregationists. Contents included Congressional Civil Rights and Voting acts redress sought and partly won by M.L. King, Pres. JFKennedy, Pres. LBJohnson, others. Special visiting guests included our nieces Micki and Diana. For full reading copy on your computer browser, copy and click on (short wait):
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For most of our Franklin and Betty J. Parker published writings, some of which can be fully read, copy and paste on computer browser, then click on (short wait):
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*JUNE 17: Enjoyed Betty’s sister Letha Conrad’s visit from Sedona, AZ, for a week in Pleasant Hill and in Sparta (where brother-in-law George Weber lives).
*JUNE 22: George Weber drove Letha, Betty, and Frank to Athens, Ala. to lunch with cousins (Gentrys and Orrs). We then drove to Decatur, Ala. visited friend Dilsie Williams and family and enjoyed Dilsie’s daughter Bessie Matthews’ companionship and delicious food.
*AUG. 26: Frank played on drums with Ensemble Band Concert at Wharton Homes, our Uplands nursing care unit.
*NOV. 26: On card placed on Fletcher THANKSGIVING tree in dining room, Frank wrote: “Grateful for: 1-Life. 2-Beauty of nature: earth, sky moon, sunshine, flowers, birds and other creatures. 3-Loved ones, especially wife Betty, family, special friends who helped us along life’s way. 4-Blessed opportunities which came our way. 5-Blessed as Americans with free speech, democracy, and opportunity. 6-Deep longing for peace, justice, and plenty for all, everywhere, no exceptions.”
*Nov. 26: Our guests at Uplands Thanksgiving Community Dinner, Adshead. Were brother in law George Weber, lives in Sparta, and his daughter Emily Weber Hayden, lives in Mass.
*Dec. 10: Frank’s performance with bells at Wharton Home to tune of “jingle bells.”
*Dec. 25: Christmas Party at Fletcher House.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to ALL.
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5. For 10 Franklin Parker book entries in Amazon.com, click on: http://www.amazon.com/Franklin-Parker/e/B001KMQUD8
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7. Franklin Parker, 1921, Publications in U.S. Govt. ERIC File, 5 pp, full text available, click on http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Parker%2C+Franklin&ft=on
8. For our article titled: “Adolf Hitler (1889-1945): "Today Germany, Tomorrow the World," click on http://hubpages.com/search/bandfparker
9. For F.P.'s articles on: 1-George Peabody College of Vanderbilt Univ., 2-Peabody Education Fund in TN., & 3-May Cravath Wharton: click on: http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/author.php?rec=190 and click on particular title.
Or: http://tinyurl.com/kwrxeo3 and click on particular article title.
10. wordpress.com blog has long list of F.P. books & article titles (single-spaced) plus some 5 recent articles in full, plus a 3-part F.P. Curriculum Vita in full. Click on (and then scroll down toward bottom; short wait):
11. For F.P. articles on this particular blog host, click on (may be slow to open, wait), then click to open particular article):
12. F.P. articles on another blog host, click on (short wait):
13. 10 pages F.P. articles in Collected Original Resources in Education
https://www.google.com/#q=Franklin+Parker%2C+Collected+Original+Resources+in+Education or (shortened URL): https://goo.gl/YX9SDg
14. Vanderbilt University Discovery Library, Nashville, Tenn., has these 9 Franklin Parker, 1921-, book publications (with Lib. of Congress call numbers): (You might not be able to access URL below but can try clicking on:)
http://discoverlibrary.vanderbilt.edu/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?dscnt=1&primo_central_multiple_fe=&tab=local&loc=adaptor&dstmp=1388857500853&vl(freeText0)=Parker%2C Franklin%2C 1921-&fn=search&vid=VANDERBILT&fromLogin=true
George Peabody, founder of modern philanthropy
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
Thesis--George Peabody College for Teachers., 1956
Multiple items available
The battle of the books : Kanawha County
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
Bloomington, Ind. : Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, c1975
This title may be available at the Annex; Call Number: 379.156 P224b
British schools and ours
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
Bloomington, Ind. : Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, c1979
Available at the Peabody Library; Call Number: LA632 .P27
African development and education in Southern Rhodesia
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
Columbus, Ohio State University Press, 1960
This title may be available at the Annex; Call Number: 370.8 In8,
American dissertations on foreign education; a bibliography with abstracts
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
Troy, N.Y., Whitston Pub. Co., 1971-
Multiple items available
U.S. higher education : a guide to information sources
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
Detroit, MI : Gale Research Co., 1980
Available at the Peabody Library; Call Number: LA227.3 .P35
Education in the People's Republic of China, past and present : an annotated bibliography
Parker, Franklin, 1921-
New York : Garland Pub., 1986
Available at the Peabody Library; Call Number: Z5815 .C54 P37 1986
Gets only cross chronicle For Picture/article F. Parker playing Xmas Jingle Bells: copy, paste on your browser:
15. Works fine. Lists 66 of Franklin Parker's publications in the U.S. Government ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) system, gives Abstract of each Publication plus full access to each Publication. Darken, paste on your browser, and click on:
16. Lists 20+ writings of Franklin and Betty J. Parker:
16. Franklin and Betty J. Parker Funny Skit on Their Birthdays and 61st Wedding Anniversary, June 4, 2011, Uplands Retirement Village, Pleasant Hill, TN email@example.com
PEGGY HAPPY: Master of Ceremonies Introduction
Friends and neighbors, lend me your ears.
Hello, hello, here we go.
Here’s a 2-person skit to set the scene.
We’ll try our best to keep it clean.
A grey haired couple is what it’s about
Love and marriage is something to shout.
61 years married and isn’t it sweet.
They must get ready for a neighborhood meet.
Betty is anxious that they be on time.
Frank’s in his skivvies (underwear),
calm and sublime,
Tinkering with a computer long in decline.
Betty fusses and fumes,
About 61 years of ups and “dooons.”
She grouches and groans,
And makes many sounds.
With that, my friends,
They begin at last.
I step aside
And let them blast.
[loud argument in progress]
BETTY: Stop fiddling with that computer. You're always tinkering, tinkering, never on time; never listen, your mind is a million miles away. Quit Now, quit. Get ready. We have to be on time for our neighborhood party.
FRANK: Just a minute, just a minute. I think I can get this old computer going with the Conflict Catcher. How do you put the Conflict Catcher on? How does this darn thing work?
BETTY: Dummy! The Conflict Catcher is in the upper right corner of the screen. Click on it. Hurry. Get it over with. Get ready to go, now! Talk about conflict: You’re always in conflict, going in the wrong direction, doing the wrong thing. Now get ready. We have to go.
FRANK: I'm clicking, I'm clicking. It's slow. This darn computer is 13 years old. We’ve kept it going all this time.
BETTY: You and the computer are both slow all right. You’re always doing the odd-ball thing. You try to do two things at once. You can’t burn your candle at both ends.
FRANK: Hey, that’s rich—burn your candle at both ends—there’s a short, funny poem about that by Edna St. Vincent Millay: It goes: “My candle burns at both ends; It will not last the night; But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends--It gives such lovely light!” ¶Ha! Don’t you love it? Don’t you just love it?
BETTY: [Exasperated}: Ach! GRRR!. That’s just like you, bird brain—quoting poetry when we are rushing to get ready for a party, our party, our very own birthdays and anniversary party, given out of the goodness of her heart by our wonderful neighbor, Peggy Happy. Now, you get ready and I mean it or I’ll give you what for. Hear me? Get going. Move! Move!
FRANK: O.K., Kiddo. I hear your “Orders from Headquarters.” I’m almost through fiddlng with the computer. You go ahead. Put on your girdle so the fat doesn’t show.
BETTY: Don’t you dare say that again, nitwit. I’m not fat. Some of my weight has shifted to my tummy. What about your hair? Got any?
FRANK: Gone with the Wind. I don’t want to fight. Birthdays, Anniversary; time to remember how sweet you were and are. You know, Babes, we came here to Uplands 17 years ago, bought this computer 13 years ago, did a lot of work with it and on it, together.
BETTY: I know. Move. Get dressed. No time for day dreaming.
FRANK: We wrote lots of articles, got lots of e-mails, did that whole revision of our 1971 George Peabody, A Biography, book; remember, the update for the 200th anniversary of George Peabody’s birth, 1795-1995. Big job but we did it on this old computer. You and me. Olden times. Memory lane. Remember?
BETTY: I’ve got my girdle on. Stop day dreaming Put on your good pants. Make sure the zipper is up. Don’t embarrass me more than you have to. Act your age. ¶Yes, I remember the George Peabody revised book. You drove me wacky with that and with hundreds of other projects. Remember, you’re an old man of 90.
FRANK: When I look back, I feel young. I remember your hollering over every scratch on the furniture, every dent on the car, every spot on the carpet. But best of all I remember when you were sweet 17.
BETTY: Don’t bring that up, there isn’t time. But I do remember, I do.
FRANK: Babes, we must have arrived on the same train that early September in 1946 for registration day at Berea College, near Lexington, KY, you from Decatur, Ala; me from Asheville, NC. I first saw you standing in the chow line. You wore blue jeans, tight blue jeans. I couldn’t take my eyes off you. You looked round all over.
BETTY: What do you mean “round all over”? You always tell that story and people give it a sexual connotation. Behave yourself. The blue jeans happened to be too short and tight and I was only 17 and maybe still had some baby fat. Don’t you dare tell that story again. I saw you too that day in the food line. You had your nose stuck in a book. Everyone else was standing around, talking, getting acquainted, but you were as usual out of this world. Just like now, not knowing whether you are coming or going, and never on time.
FRANK:. Yeah, well…I remember we had some nice classes together. Some teachers seated us alphabetically, Franklin Parker next to Betty June Parker. Not related, same last name, that’s how we met; pure coincidence.
BETTY: Don’t remind me. You were never on time for class, never ready, always had to borrow pencil, pen, paper. Always forgetful, then, since, and now.
FRANK: Something clicked; we got together, met oftener and oftener, walked a lot together. I don’t remember who began holding hands first, you or me, or who first stopped under the kissing tree near your dorm? [she hits him with newspaper]
BETTY: I told you not to remind me. You were always difficult, always mixed up. I was embarrassed. Some people thought we were related, cousins you know, and wondered why we were hand holding and maybe kissing cousins. You were always a flirt, then and since.
FRANK: I didn’t know Joline was your roommate when I first talked to her. She didn’t know you and I had met. I heard that she told you that she had met the nicest boy, me, and that you dismissed mention of me by blurting out to her: “That Old Man!”
BETTY: Listen, odd-ball. I worked in the Labor Office, looked up your records, saw that you were 25, had been in the in Air Force four years, 1942-46. I was 17 and didn’t want the world to know I was holding hands with an old man. Eight years age difference then was a big difference.
FRANK: Then what happened? Why did we click? How come we married?
BETTY: You persisted. You wouldn’t give up. You sent me daily love notes in my mail box, kept holding hands, kept going with me to prayer group and choir practice, sometimes handing me a nice flower you illegally picked when no one was looking.
FRANK: You’re always making me out to be worse than I was.
BETTY: I still remember the one-glass-5-cent-coca-cola you bought with two straws, no ice, and told me to sip, slowly, after you, to make it last. Cheap skate. I tried to break it off. You kept coming back. What was I to do? [Sudden shift of mood].
FRANK: [mock whimper] You make me want to cry. Boo hoo hoo.
BETTY: Don’t look so sad. Don’t cry. You weren’t so bad. Matter of fact, you were a bit of a sweetie. Don’t let it go to your head. There’s room for improvement.
FRANK: I remember how sweet you were, lovely, nice to be with, but always very proper. I remember how shocked I was that day early in our going together--you told me flat out: "Frank, if our being together isn’t going to lead anywhere, then good-bye." I was shocked, shocked; scared, scared; having fun was one thing. But this Betty girl meant business.
BETTY (shouts) : You bet I did. And what did you do about it?
FRANK: Before the day ended I crawled back. I asked: Where can I find a diamond engagement ring cheap, cheap?
BETTY: Cheap skate! And I asked: Does that mean you are going to fall on your knees and ask for my hand in marriage?
FRANK: I said, no; it means let your folks eyeball me; my folks eyeball you. If that doesn't throw them into a fit, we might make it. You prepare your Daddy. I’ll speak to him man to man. If he has no objection and I can find an engagement ring at a Jewelry Store that is having a fire sale, I’ll buy it, and propose. If you accept, we'll set the date—I’ll bite the bullet, even if it kills me. I'll do it. [sobs] I'll give up my freedom. Gone with the wind, just like my hair.
BETTY: I think you also said: let’s shift gears. Or was it: let’s get this plane off the ground? Or was it: There goes my freedom. Or was it: Having a wife means work and strife.
FRANK: Remember, before I got the engagement ring I surprised you by winning for you a nice ladies’ wrist watch; remember?
BETTY: Yes, back then you were always trying to win something in stupid contests: Send in the answer to the following question in 25 words or less and win a prize.
FRANK: I remember, Babes. It was: “Contaflex watches are good for rough country living because….” In 25 words or less.
BETTY: You sent in one entry in your name, one in my name and never told me about it.
FRANK: My entry lost, your entry won. Lucky you. I thought giving you that win-win Contaflex watch might hold you until I could rub two nickles together and find a proper engagement ring at a Jewelry store fire sale.
BETTY: Then you invited yourself to my parents’ home, which scared me to death. The first beau ever to want to be looked over as a possible suitor. I knew it had to be done, yet it worried me.
FRANK: About your father: I did get a shock the day I spoke to him man to man. The night before in a corner of the room I slept in was his shotgun. I didn’t sleep a wink worrying what that shotgun was doing there. I didn’t know he normally kept his squirrel gun there. But your Dad was gracious. He said: “Son, remember, come back to visit anytime. When you marry we will remove Betty’s plate from the table; but don’t expect us to add your two places to our table permanently. ¶I got his drift right away: he was saying: Get a job, make a living, build a love nest of your own. Don't be a bum.
BETTY: [Laughs, Ha!]: Yes, but after the wedding my Dad and Mum took from their kitchen drawers every thing they didn’t need, give it to us to help start our housekeeping.
FRANK: We found our first teaching jobs through the Berea College Alumni Office. The president of Ferrum Jr. College near Roanoke, VA, wanted to hire Berea graduates who wouldn't expect much pay. We applied, were married June 12, 1950, and on our honeymoon went by train to be interviewed.
BETTY: We spent the first four nights in hotels. When we reached Ferrum, VA, we reported to President Nathaniel H. Davis. He took us to Nurse Bulifont, an old fashioned strait laced nurse who put us in separate rooms in the student infirmary, separate rooms, mind you. What a honeymoon: four night in hotels, fifth night in separate rooms in a college hospital infirmary.
FRANK: That night alone in bed I heard a soft knock on the door. Was it nurse Bulifont? No. Was it Pres. Nathaniel H. Davis? No. It was you, asking timidly, "May I come? I’m scared. May I stay with you tonight and slip back to my own room early tomorrow?" I said: "Ya, Ya” What fun. Yippitty do dah, Yippitti day.
BETTY: Remember 40 years later on your last teaching job at Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, N.C. just before we came to Uplands? We walked a lot on campus holding hands, past the dining room and the Tower, a student hangout. Remember several times some girl students came up to us, said they enjoyed seeing us often walking hand in hand on campus. Made us feel good.
FRANK: We’ve walk a lot holding hands here at Uplands, often past the Village Market arm in arm, in all kinds of weather. Remember that bearded salty old timer who must have seen us often, seated in his pickup truck. He put his head out the window and asked you good naturedly, "Hey, there. Is he holding you up or are you holding him up?" We laughed. You, BETTY replied, "We’re holding each other up!" He and we all laughed as we went on our way.
BETTY: Well, Doll, all in all you are not so bad. In fact, you’re pretty good. Thanks for the memories. Hurry now and get ready for the big party.
FRANK: (softly, lovingly). OK. After a quick hug and a little whirl around the room. [They stand, hug, do a little jig, kiss, while …]
PEGGY HAPPY: [at mike says loudly]: D, d, d, dats all, folks. End of skit. End of Betty and Franklin Parker’s “A trip Down Memory Lane.” Next, the Parkers will parody the song, “Love and Marriage."
FRANK: Love and marriage
Go together like a horse and carriage
This I tell you brother
You can't have one without the other.
BETTY: Love and marriage, love and marriage
It's an institute you can't disparage
Dad was told by Mother
You can't have one, without the other.
Peggy Happy: The Parkers last fling is their parody of "Do You Love Me?" From Fiddler On the Roof. [Loud, clear, rapid fire, sing song tune]
FRANK: It's a new world, Betty. A new world. Young people are falling in love. I ask you, Betty, Do you love me?
BETTY: Do I what?
FRANK: Do you love me?
BETTY: Do I love you? With young people getting married. And there’s trouble in the town. You're upset, you're worn out. Go inside, go lie down! Maybe it's indigestion.
FRANK: "Betty, I'm asking you a question..." Do you love me?
BETTY: You're a fool
FRANK: "I know..." But do you love me?
BETTY: Do I love you? For 61 years I've washed your clothes, Cooked your meals, cleaned your house, Given you joy, milked the cow. After 61 years, why talk about love right now?
FRANK: Betty, The first time we met at Berea College I liked you, but I was scared.
BETTY: I was shy.
FRANK: I was nervous.
BETTY: So was I.
FRANK: But our hearts said we'd learn to love each other. And now I'm asking, Betty, Do you love me?
BETTY: I'm your wife!
FRANK: "I know..." But do you love me?
BETTY: Do I love him? For 61 years I've lived with him, Fought with him, starved with him. For 61 years my bed is his. If that's not love, what is?
FRANK: Then you do, you do, love me?
BETTY: I suppose I do.
FRANK: And I suppose I love you too!
[Both sing together]
It doesn't change a thing
But even so
After 61 years
Love, It's so nice to know. [they shake hands, whirl around, kiss]
PEGGY HAPPY: END of “Do You Love Me,” parody from Fidler on the Roof. A big hand to the little love birds. [applause]. Next to last on the program is…the Parker’s last “Thank you:”
FRANK: Before we say Goodbye--
Thank you each
So very much.
Our Hearts you did touch.
We thank key people here
Who are so very dear.
Let's applaud them at the end
Before we homeward tend.
BETTY: Thanks to Quessie Krell
Heritage Loop representative
FRANK: Thanks Jackie Dwenger
For food and support
You are the most helpful sort.
BETTY: Thanks Al Dwenger
Our Great town mayor
Who made our skit so much better.
FRANK: Thanks Paul Happy
He previewed our skit
And made it more snappy.
BETTY: Thank you, Geri Mize
Who came from so far
Florida to England to Pleasant Hill
Having you here is such a great thrill.
FRANK: Thanks to the Webers, Jo Ann and George
From Sparta and Bon Air
You’re here we know
Because you care.
BETTY: Thanks to three nieces
Emily Hayden, Massachusetts
Diana Glass and Micki Beerman,
New York City
Three precious dears
Who are without peers.
FRANK: Thanks for grand music
That lifted us so high
From Emily and Dan Byrens
And our Kate Smith singer,
BETTY: Thanks to Fran and Robin Markham
For making the DVD
A treasure that
We will forever see.
FRANK: Thanks to Peggy Happy
Who thought it all up
Took an old house with a big old tree
Made it a paradise for all to see
Took us two under her wing
Gave us joy and eternal Spring. [Great applause]
PEGGY HAPPY: Thanks for coming
That’s all I can say.
Your presence made this
Our greatest Day.
Love to A L L.
We’ve had a B A L L.
End of Skit.
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